Example 7 from Chapter 1 from J Holmes book
In a mountain village, Sauris, in north-east Italy, a sociolinguist, Denison, reported in
1971 that the adults were all trilingual. Before 1866, the village had been part of the
Austrian empire, and its villagers all spoke German. In the late 1960s, they still used
a German dialect in the home, and to neighbours and fellow villagers. They also
used the regional language Friulian with people from the surrounding area outside
the village, and the young men, in particular, tended to use it to each other in the pub.
These men had gone to secondary school together in Ampezzo, a nearby town, and
Friulian had become for them a language of friendship and solidarity. Italian was the
language people used to talk to those from beyond the region, and for reading and
writing. Because their village was now part of Italy, Italian was the language of the
church and the school.
Discuss the linguistic variations used in Sauris. How would you describe each variation and which factors are affecting the choices made by speakers?